You need to be 17 years old to legally drive on the public road. The age for applying for a provisional driving licence is now 15 years and 9 months, and link is https://www.gov.uk. You cannot take the theory test before you are 17 years old, but if you have a provisional licence before you are 17, you are permitted to book it in readiness for when you are.
If you are receiving disability living (mobility) allowance at the higher rate, your provisional licence will come into effect when you are 16, but you can apply for it within three months of your 16th birthday.
There are rumours that the minimum age is going to be raised to 18, but at the moment there are no plans by the DVLA for this to be implemented.